At Abington Vale, phonics is taught using the Ruth Miskin 'Read Write Inc' scheme. The scheme teaches the children to recognise letter sounds and how to blend for reading. It also teaches them to write letter sounds, and to segment and write words.

All children in Reception and Key Stage 1 have a phonics session every day, and are grouped carefully to ensure that every child is learning at a level appropriate for them. The children will also bring home reading books that match the level of phonics they are learning in school. 

The children are taught to read words by blending, which means saying each sound and then combining all the sounds together to make a word. In addition, the children are taught to spell words by segmenting, which means breaking words into their individual sounds, and writing down the sounds they can hear. 

At the end of Year 1, all children in the country take a test called a Phonics Screening. They have to read 40 real and 'nonsense' words. The children practise reading both types of words regularly as part of their phonics sessions in school.