At Abington Vale, phonics is taught using The Ruth Miskin Read, Write Inc phonics scheme which teaches the children step by step, letter sounds and then how to blend for reading and sits alongside their learning to write the letter sounds, progressing to words and then sentences. 

All children in Reception and Key Stage 1 are taught phonics for 30 minutes a day, and are grouped carefully to ensure that every child is reading at a level appropriate for them. 

The children are taught to read words by blending, which means saying each sound and then blending all the sounds together to make a word. In addition, the children are taught to spell words by segmenting, which means sounding out words and writing down the sounds they can hear. 

At the end of Year 1, all children in the country take a test called a Phonics Screening. They have to read 40 real and nonsense words. We call the nonsense words ‘Alien words’ and the children practice reading these style of words regularly as it supports their learning of the phonic sounds